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The three basic assumptions of I/O February 25, 2012

Assumption 1:

B= f(P.E)

Behavior is a function of PERSONALITY AND ENVIRONMENT.

Assumption  2:

(McGregor’s Employee Motivation theory)

  • Theory X: Boss is authoritarian , no freedom for employers so no motivation. Objecitve is money:  Scientific Management
  • Theory Y: Boss trusts each individual and optimizes working condition so that motivation is always there: HUMAN RELATIONS


theory x (‘authoritarian management’ style)

  • The average person dislikes work and will avoid it he/she can.
  • Therefore most people must be forced with the threat of punishment to work towards organisational objectives.
  • The average person prefers to be directed; to avoid responsibility; is relatively unambitious, and wants security above all else.

theory y (‘participative management’ style)

  • Effort in work is as natural as work and play.
  • People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organisational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment.
  • Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement.
  • People usually accept and often seek responsibility.
  • The capacity to use a high degree of imagination, ingenuity and creativity in solving organisational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population.
  • In industry the intellectual potential of the average person is only partly utilised.

Assumption 3: The organization as a Metaphor to the Human Body

The cells are the people, the organs are the groups and the body or person  is the organization.



So, what is Institutional/ Organizational Psychology? ..A definition

Filed under: I/O Psychology — vanessabach @ 6:57 pm
Tags: , ,

The definition is “the application of  the principles and methods of Psychology to the work place” (Jex and Britt,2008).